University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series > Edge-exchangeable graphs, sparsity, and power laws

Edge-exchangeable graphs, sparsity, and power laws

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SNAW05 - Bayesian methods for networks

Many popular network models rely on the assumption of (vertex) exchangeability, in which the distribution of the graph is invariant to relabelings of the vertices. However, the Aldous-Hoover theorem guarantees that these graphs are dense or empty with probability one, whereas many real-world graphs are sparse. We present an alternative notion of exchangeability for random graphs, which we call edge exchangeability, in which the distribution of a graph sequence is invariant to the order of the edges. We characterize the class of edge exchangeable models with a paintbox construction, and we demonstrate that edge-exchangeable models, unlike models that are traditionally vertex exchangeable, can exhibit sparsity and power laws. To do so, we outline a general framework for graph generative models; by contrast to the pioneering work of Caron and Fox (2014), models within our framework are stationary across steps of the graph sequence. In particular, our model grows the graph by instantiating more latent atoms of a single random measure as the dataset size increases, rather than adding new atoms to the measure.

Joint work with Trevor Campbell and Tamara Broderick.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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