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Quantitative chaos propagation estimates for jump processes

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This talk devoted to a joint work in collaboration with Stephane Mischler about the mean-field limit for systems of indistinguables particles undergoing collision processes. As formulated by [Kac, 1956] this limit is based on the chaos propagation, and we (1) prove and quantify this property for Boltzmann collision processes with unbounded collision rates (hard spheres or long-range interactions), (2) prove and quantify this property \emph{uniformly in time}. This yields the first chaos propagation result for the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation for true (without cut-off) Maxwell molecules whose “Master equation” shares similarities with the one of a Lévy process and the first quantitative chaos propagation result for the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation for hard spheres (improvement of the convergence result of [Sznitman, 1984]). Moreover our chaos propagation results are the first uniform in time ones for Boltzmann collision processes (to our knowledge), which partly answers the important question raised by Kac of relating the long-time behavior of a particle system with the one of its mean-field limit. Our results are based on a new method which reduces the question of chaos propagation to the one of proving a purely functional estimate on some generator operators (consistency estimate) together with fine stability estimates on the flow of the limiting non-linear equation (stability estimates).

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