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Bayesian modeling for high-level real nursing activity recognition using accelerometers

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Zoubin Ghahramani.

short talk

When we face new complex classification tasks, since it is difficult to design a good feature set for observed raw data, we often obtain an unsatisfactorily biased classifier. Namely, the trained classifier can only successfully classify certain classes of samples owing to its poor feature set. To tackle the problem, we propose a robust naive Bayes combination scheme in which we effectively combine classifier predictions that we obtained from different classifiers and/or different feature sets. Since we assume that the multiple classifier predictions are given, any type of classifier and any feature set are available in our scheme. In our combination scheme each prediction is regarded as an independent realization of a categorical random variable (i.e., class label) and a naive Bayes model is trained by using a set of the predictions within a supervised learning framework. The key feature of our scheme is the introduction of a class-specific variable selection mechanism to avoid overfitting to poor classifier predictions. We demonstrate the practical benefit of our simple combination scheme with both synthetic and real data sets, and show that it can achieve much higher classification accuracy than conventional ensemble classifiers. We apply this method to high-level real nursing activity recognition in a hospital using accelerometers, and show the usefuleness of the method.

This talk is part of the Machine Learning @ CUED series.

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