University of Cambridge > > Engineering Department Structures Research Seminars > Data-Driven Reduction of Non-Linearizable Dynamics for Solids, Fluids and Controls

Data-Driven Reduction of Non-Linearizable Dynamics for Solids, Fluids and Controls

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Machine learning has been a major development in applied science and engineering, with impressive success stories in static learning environments like image, pattern, and speech recognition. Yet the modeling of dynamical phenomena— such as nonlinear vibrations of solids and transitions in fluids—remains a challenge for classic machine learning. Indeed, neural net models for nonlinear dynamics tend to be complex, uninterpretable, and unreliable outside of their training range. In this talk, I discuss a recent dynamical systems alternative to neural networks in the data-driven reduced-order modeling of nonlinear phenomena. Specifically, I show that the concept of spectral submanifolds (SSMs) provides very low-dimensional attractors in a large family of mechanics problems ranging from wing oscillations to transitions in shear flows. A data-driven identification of the reduced dynamics on these SSMs gives a rigorous way to construct accurate and predictive reduced-order models in solid and fluid mechanics without the use of governing equations. I illustrate this on problems that include accelerated finite-element simulations of large structures, prediction of transitions in plane Couette flow, reduced-order modeling of fluid sloshing in a tank, and model-predictive control of soft robots

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Meeting ID: 837 2933 8532

This talk is part of the Engineering Department Structures Research Seminars series.

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