University of Cambridge > > Genetics Seminar  > Competition for phospholipids drives astrocyte morphogenesis in the CNS

Competition for phospholipids drives astrocyte morphogenesis in the CNS

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  • UserProfessor Marc Freeman from The Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, USA
  • ClockThursday 09 May 2024, 15:00-16:00
  • HouseZoom meeting.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Caroline Newnham.

Host - Cahir O'Kane

Astrocytes play crucial roles in regulating neural circuit function by forming a dense network of synapse-associated membrane specializations, but signaling pathways regulating astrocyte morphogenesis remain poorly defined. We found the Drosophila lipid-binding G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) Tre1 is required for astrocytes to establish their intricate morphology in vivo. The lipid phosphate phosphatases Wunen/Wunen2 also regulate astrocyte morphology and, via Tre1, mediate astrocyte-astrocyte competition for growth-promoting lipids. Loss of s1pr1, the functional analog of Tre1 in zebrafish, disrupts astrocyte process elaboration, and live imaging and pharmacology demonstrate that S1pr1 balances proper astrocyte process extension/retraction dynamics during growth. Loss of Tre1 in flies or S1pr1 in zebrafish results in defects in simple assays of motor behavior. Tre1 and S1pr1 are thus potent evolutionarily conserved regulators of the elaboration of astrocyte morphological complexity and, ultimately, astrocyte control of behavior.

This talk is part of the Genetics Seminar series.

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