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Can spectral gap form in soft potentials?

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FKTW02 - Frontiers in analysis of kinetic equations

In the talk I will consider the spectral gap for the linearized Boltzmann or Landau equation with soft potentials. It is known that the corresponding collision operators admit only the degenerated spectral gap. We rather prove the formation of spectral gap in the spatially inhomogeneous setting where the space domain is bounded with an inflow boundary condition. The key strategy is to introduce a new Hilbert space with an exponential weight function that involves the inner product of space and velocity variables and also has the strictly positive upper and lower bounds. The action of the transport operator on such space-velocity dependent weight function induces an extra non-degenerate relaxation dissipation in large velocity that can be employed to compensate the degenerate spectral gap and hence give the exponential decay for solutions in contrast with the sub-exponential decay in either the spatially homogeneous case or the case of torus domain. The result reveals a new insight of hypocoercivity for kinetic equations with soft potentials in the specified situation.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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