University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Logic and Semantics Seminar (Computer Laboratory) > Lower bound for arithmetic circuits via Hankel matrix

Lower bound for arithmetic circuits via Hankel matrix

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  • UserPierre Ohlmann, IRIF, Universit√© Paris 7
  • ClockFriday 16 November 2018, 14:15-15:15
  • HouseSS03.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Victor Gomes.

Arithmetic circuit are the algebraic analogue of boolean circuits. As a natural model for computing multivariate polynomials, they have been extensively studied. The most important open question in the field of algebraic complexity theory is that of separating the classes VP and VNP , the analogues of P and NP. More precisely, can one obtain super-polynomial lower bounds for circuits computing a given explicit polynomial ?

Despite decades of efforts, this question yet seems out of reach, the best general lower bound being only slightly super-linear. The most common approach is to prove lower bounds for restricted classes of circuits, such as monotone or constant-depth circuits. Another approach would be removing relations arising from the mathematical structure underlying the computations, making it harder for circuits to compute polynomials and thus conceivably easier to obtain lower bounds. In this line of thought, Nisan (1991) was able to obtain breakthrough results in the context of non-commutative computations, separating circuits and formulas and characterizing the minimal size of Algebraic Branching Programs (ABP).

Likewise, circuits for which the multiplication is assumed to be non-associative, meaning that (xy)x and x(yx) are different monomials, have been considered. General exponential lower bounds can be proved in this setting. We highlight a syntactical equivalence between non-associative circuits and acyclic Multiplicity Tree Automata (MTA), which leads to a general algebraic characterization of the size of the smallest non-associative circuit computing a given non-associative polynomial.

As a direct consequence of this characterization, we unify several recent circuit lower bounds in the non-commutative setting. Going deeper in the comprehension of this new algebraic tool, we are able to considerably extend known lower bounds to classes of circuits which are very close to general.

This talk is part of the Logic and Semantics Seminar (Computer Laboratory) series.

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