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Amplitude and phase variation of point processes

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STS - Statistical scalability

The amplitude variation of a real random field X(t) consists in its random oscillations in its range space (the “y-axis”), typically encapsulated by its (co)variation around a mean level. In contrast, phase variation refers to fluctuations in its domain (the “x-axis”), often caused by random time changes or spatial deformations. We consider the problem of identifiably formalising similar notions for (potentially spatial) point processes, and of nonparametrically separating them based on realisations of i.i.d. copies of the phase-varying point process. The key element of our approach is the use of the theory of optimal transportation of measure, which is proven to be the natural formalism for the problem under the usual assumptions imposed. It is shown to allow the consistent separation of the two types of variation for point processes over Euclidean domains, under no parametric restrictions, including convergence rates, and even asymptotic distributions in some cases. (Based on joint work with Y. Zemel, Göttingen.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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