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Peridynamic Modelling of Ice Fracture

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SIPW04 - Ice fracture and cracks

Despite of its advantages, utilization of the Arctic region for sailing brings new challenges due to its harsh environment. Therefore, ship structures must be designed to withstand ice loads in case of a collision between a ship and ice takes place. Although experimental studies can give invaluable information about ship-ice interactions, full scale tests are very costly to perform. Therefore, computer simulations can be a good alternative. Ice-structure interaction modelling is a very challenging process. First of all, ice material response depends on many different factors including applied-stress, strain-rate, temperature, grain-size, salinity, porosity and confining pressure. Furthermore, macro-scale modeling may not be sufficient to capture the full physical behaviour because the micro-scale effects may have a significant effect on macroscopic material behaviour. Hence, it is necessary to utilize a multi-scale methodology. In order to capture the macro-scale behaviour of ice, well-known Finite Element Method (FEM) has been used in various previous studies. Within FEM framework, various techniques can be used to model crack propagation such as cohesive zone models (CZM) and extended finite element method (XFEM). However, a universally accepted CZM failure model is not currently available and the crack propagation may have mesh dependency. Although, the mesh dependency problem can be overcome by XFEM , enrichment process may lead to an algebraic system with billions of unknowns which is difficult to solve numerically. Furthermore, FEM is based on classical continuum mechanics which does not have a length scale parameter and is incapable of capturing phenomenon at the micro-scale. Hence, other techniques should be utilized at the micro-scale and linked to FEM simulation. However, it is not straightforward to obtain a smooth transition between different approaches at different scales. By taking into account all these challenging issues, a state-of-the-art technique, peridynamics can be utilized for ice fracture modelling. Peridynamics is a non-classical (non-local) continuum mechanics formulation which is very suitable for failure analysis of materials due its mathematical structure. Cracks can occur naturally in the formulation and there is no need to impose an external crack growth law. Furthermore, due to its non-local character, it can capture the phenomenon at multiple scales. 

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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