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Experimental study on dead water resistance of ice floe in a two-layer fluid

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SIPW02 - Ice-fluid interaction

Co-author: Bin Teng (University of Technology)

The dead water phenomenon is well known that when a boat is sailing on a two-layer fluid, there is an extra resistance due to the wave generating at the interface. Here, we investigate the dead water resistance of a ice floe instead of slender streamline body by three-dimensional towing experiments. The length-width ratio of ice floe is 1.5. The dimensionless ice floe draught d/h1 is varied from 0.5 to 1.0, where h1 is the upper layer depth. The Froude number Fr=U/c0 is in the range 0.31.3 (U towing speed, c0 the linear internal long wave speed). The experiment results show that dead water coefficient Cdw and function Cdw/(d/h1)2 attains a maximum at subcritical Froude number, Fr≈0.50.6, which is smaller than the previous results of slender ship. For relative small draughts, Cdw/(d/h1)2 depends on the Froude number only in the range close to critical speed (Fr>0.85), irrespective of the draught, which is same with the previous observations. But this conclusion is not applied for the case d/h1=1.0. The different variation tendency of Cdw/(d/h1)2 versus Fr is observed here. That means an extended study should be continued for deeper draught cases.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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