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Modelling dynamics of the marginal ice zone, including combined collisional and EVP rheology

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SIPW02 - Ice-fluid interaction

Co-authors: Yevgeny Aksenov (National Oceanography Centre), Daniel Feltham (Centre for Polar Observations and Modeling, University of Reading), George Nurser (National Oceanography Centre)

Exposure of large, previously ice-covered areas of the Arctic Ocean to the wind and surface ocean waves results in the Arctic pack ice cover becoming more fragmented and mobile, with large regions of ice cover evolving into the Marginal Ice Zone (MIZ). The need for better climate predictions, along with growing economic activity in the Polar Oceans, necessitates climate and forecasting models that can simulate fragmented sea ice with greater fidelity. The main focus here is on sea ice rheology. A Combined Collisional, reflecting the granular behaviour of MIZ sea ice, and Elastic-Viscous-Plastic (EVP) rheology is implemented in an idealised and a global sea ice-ocean model. The effect of surface waves on ice motion is included in the turbulent kinetic energy or ‘granular temperature’ of ice floes. The granular temperature is validated with accelerometer data. It is found that the combined rheology has impact beyond the marginal ice zone, influencing ice motion and sea ice thickness. Taking into account the fragmented nature of MIZ ice also allows for another dynamical feature of the MIZ : in idealised channel model simulations ice edge jets occur when variable floe size is used. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 607476.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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