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On the stabilization of breather -type solutions of the damped higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation

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HY2W04 - Statistical mechanics, integrability and dispersive hydrodynamics

Spatially periodic breather solutions (SPBs) of the nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation are frequently used to model rogue waves and are typically unstable.In this paper we study the effects of dissipation and higher order nonlinearities on the stabilization of both single and multi-mode SPBs in the framework of a damped higher order NLS (HONLS) equation. We observe the onset of novel instabilities associated with the development of critical states which result from symmetry breaking in the damped HONLS system. We broaden the Floquet characterization of instabilities of solutions of the NLS equation, using an even 3-phase solution of the NLS as an example, to show instabilities are associated with degenerate complex elements of both the periodic and continuous Floquet spectrum. As a result the Floquet criteria for the stabilization of a solution of the damped HONLS centers around the elimination of all complex degenerate elements of the spectrum. For an initial SPB with a given mode structure, a perturbation analysis shows that for short time only the complex double points associated with resonant modes split under the damped HONLS while those associated with nonresonant modes remain effectively closed. The corresponding damped HONLS numerical experiments corroborate that instabilities associated with nonresonant modes persist on a longer time scale than the instabilities associated with resonant modes.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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