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FKTW05 - Frontiers in numerical analysis of kinetic equations

Despite their elegant mathematical structure, entropy-based moment closures face severe implementation challenges that have limited their wide-spread use.  In this talk, I will present two approximations that attempt to address some of these challenges. The first approximation relies on a regularization of the optimization problem that defines the original entropy-based closure. The main advantage of the regularization is that moment vectors need not take on traditional realizable values. However, the resulting equations still retain many important structural features, such as hyperbolicity and an entropy dissipation law. These results reveal the moment entropy as a key tool in constructing approximate closures and motivate a second approximation of the entropy-based closure that is constructed via a convex fit of the moment entropy. We illustrate this  approach for a simple linear transport equation in slab geometry. For two-moment models, a convex fit can be constructed with splines. For larger systems, convex splines are not available, so we resort to a fit that uses a neural network. We test the approximation on two- and three- moment systems and find that the resulting systems provide a cheaper alternative to closures that call the entropy optimization algorithm as part of the online computation This is joint work with Graham Alldredge (Berlin), Martin Frank (Karlsruhe), Paul Laiu (Oak Ridge), and Will Porteous (Austin).

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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