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Hyperbolicity and boundary conditions.

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GCSW02 - Structure preservation and general relativity

Abstract: (In collaboration with Fernando Abalos.) Very often in physics, the evolution systems we have to deal with are not purely hyperbolic, but contain also constraints and gauge freedoms. After fixing these gauge freedoms we obtain a new system with constraints which we want to solve subject to initial and boundary values. In particular, these values have to imply the correct propagation of constraints. In general, after fixing some reduction to a purely evolutionary system, this is asserting by computing by hand what is called the constraint subsidiary system, namely a system which is satisfied by the constraints quantities when the fields satisfy the reduced evolution system.
If the subsidiary system is also hyperbolic then for the initial data case the situation is clear: we need to impose the constraints on the initial data and then they will correctly propagate along evolution. For the boundary data, we need to impose the constraint for all incoming constraint modes. These must be done by fixing some of the otherwise free boundary data, that is the incoming modes. Thus, there must be a relation between some of the incoming modes of the evolution system and all the incoming modes of the constraint subsidiary system. Under certain conditions on the constraints, this relation is known and understood, but those conditions are very restrictive. In this talk, we shall review the known results and discuss what is known so far for the general case and what are the open questions that still remain.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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