University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Computer Laboratory Systems Research Group Seminar > Firmament: fast, centralized cluster scheduling at scale

Firmament: fast, centralized cluster scheduling at scale

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Scheduling tasks on “warehouse-scale” clusters is a challenging undertaking: thousands of tasks must cleverly and rapidly be placed in order to achieve high utilization and good application-level performance. Centralized data-center schedulers make high-quality placement decisions, but they come at the cost of high decision latency at scale, which degrades response time for interactive jobs. Distributed schedulers, by contrast, make low-latency decisions at scale, but are restricted to simple algorithms and can make poor decisions as a result.

In this talk, I present Firmament, a centralized scheduler that scales to tens of thousands of machines at sub-second latency, even though it performs a computationally expensive min cost flow optimization. To achieve this, Firmament automatically chooses between different min-cost flow algorithms, solves the optimization problem incrementally when possible, and applies problem-specific optimizations to common min-cost flow algorithms.

Our experiments with a Google workload trace from a 12,500-machine cluster show that Firmament places tasks in hundreds of milliseconds, improving decision latency by more than 10x over Quincy, a similar prior scheduler. Moreover, since Firmament can efficiently solve large optimization problems, it supports novel scheduler features that would otherwise be too expensive. Firmament outperforms state-of-the-art distributed schedulers in placement quality without an increase in scheduling decision latency for common industry workloads.

This talk is part of the Computer Laboratory Systems Research Group Seminar series.

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