University of Cambridge > > DAMTP Statistical Physics and Soft Matter Seminar > Active vertex model(s) for epithelial cell sheets

Active vertex model(s) for epithelial cell sheets

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  • UserSilke Henkes (U. Aberdeen)
  • ClockTuesday 13 February 2018, 13:00-14:00
  • HouseMR11, CMS.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Professor Mike Cates.

We introduce a class of Active Vertex Models (AVMs) for cell-resolution studies of the mechanics of confluent epithelial tissues consisting of tens of thousands of cells, with a level of detail inaccessible to similar methods. The AVMs combine the Vertex Model for confluent epithelial tissues with active matter dynamics. This introduces a natural description of the cell motion and accounts for motion patterns observed on multiple scales.

In the self-propelled Voronoi model, cell contacts are generated dynamically from positions of cell centres. This not only enables efficient numerical implementation, but provides a natural description of the T1 transition events responsible for local tissue rearrangements. We also include cell alignment, cell-specific mechanical properties, cell growth, division and apoptosis as well as a flexible, dynamically changing boundary of the epithelial sheet.

Ongoing work applied to the early chick embryo focuses on a model where contractile junctions with myosin feedback are responsible for tissue dynamics and mechanics, and I will present preliminary results.

This talk is part of the DAMTP Statistical Physics and Soft Matter Seminar series.

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