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Structure determination by electron crystallography: a powerful complement to conventional methods for structure elucidation
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Duncan Johnstone.
Knowledge about the atomic structure of new materials is essential in order to understand its properties, improve its design and develop applications. Modern materials with increasing complexity increases the demands on the structural characterization.
Recent developments now makes it possible to obtain 3D single crystal electron diffraction data from crystals down towards the nanometer range. This method has been applied for the structure determination of a large number of new materials, including a significant number of porous materials such as zeolites and Metal-organic Frameworks, where the crystals has been too small for structure determination by conventional methods. Electron microscopy also provides the opportunity of image formation, enabling studies of atomic arrangements at the local scale. This is of importance, especially for materials containing structural disorders. The combination of these two advantages provides unique tools for studies of materials with complex structures.
One example is the zeolite ITQ -39, exhibiting a PXRD pattern with a small number of broad peaks. The crystals are needle like, with a cross section of only ~30 nm. By combining 3D electron diffraction data with high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images, the structure of ITQ -39 could be determined. The structure turned out to possess severe disorders including a random intergrowth of three different polytypes and in addition twinning. In a recent study the 3D electron diffraction method was complemented by real space electron tomography at the atomic scale for the structural characterization of a luminescent CuTe. The average atomic structure was determined from the electron diffraction data and subsequently the distribution of Cu vacancies in the material could be studied using electron tomography.
References:  Willhammar, Zou, Corma et. al., Nature Chem. 4 188 (2012)  Willhammar, Liz-Marzán, Bals, van Tendeloo et.al. Nature Comms. 8 14925 (2017)
This talk is part of the Electron Microscopy Group Seminars series.
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