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First-Principles Study of Frequency-Dependent Resonant Raman Scattering

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A resonance phenomenon appears in the Raman response when the exciting light has frequency close to electronic transitions. Unlike for molecules and for graphene, the theoretical prediction of such frequency-dependent Raman response of crystalline systems has remained a challenge. Indeed, many Raman intensity first-principle calculations are nowadays done at vanishing light frequency, using static Density-Functional Perturbation Theory, thus neglecting the frequency dependence and excitonic effects.

During this presentation, I will describe the finite-difference method we propose to compute frequency-dependent Raman intensities.

Recently, we used this methodology for the computation of the first-order frequency-dependent Raman intensity [1], with excitonic effects described by the Bethe-Salpeter equation. We found these to be crucial for the accurate description of the experimental enhancement for laser photon energies around the gap.

This approach can be generalized to the more complex second-order Raman intensity, with phonon losses coming from the entire Brillouin zone. Interestingly, even without excitonic effects, one is able to capture the main relative changes in the frequency-dependent Raman spectrum of silicon at fixed laser frequencies. However, excitonic effects might affect significantly the intensity of specific modes and also lead to a global tenfold increase of absolute intensities.

[1] Y. Gillet, M. Giantomassi, X. Gonze, Phys. Rev. B 88 , 094305 (2013).

This talk is part of the Theory of Condensed Matter series.

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