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Telomere-to-Telomere Chromosome Assemblies: New Insights Into Genome Biology & Structure

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  • UserDr Karen Miga from Genomics Institute, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • ClockThursday 27 May 2021, 17:00-18:00
  • HouseZoom meeting.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Caroline Newnham.

Host – Richard Durbin

We are entering into an exciting era of genomics where truly complete, high-quality assemblies of human chromosomes are available end-to-end, or from ‘telomere-to-telomere’ (T2T). Recently, the Telomere-to-Telomere (T2T) consortium announced our v1.0 assembly that includes ~200 Mbp of novel sequence compared to GRCh38, achieves near-perfect sequence accuracy, and unlocks the most complex regions of the genome to functional study. This technological advance, crediting the confluence of new assembly methods with long read sequencing technologies, offers a new opportunity to comprehensively the genomic structure and epigenetic organization in the most repeat-dense regions of our chromosomes. In particular, I will focus on the release of initial genetic and epigenetic reference of all human centromeric regions. High-resolution study of the pericentromeric sequence content and organization reveals new satellite families, sites of transposable element insertion, segmental duplications, and pericentromeric gene predictions. Using unique markers (marker-assisted method) to anchor ultra-long nanopore reads to human centromeric regions regions we report hypomethylated dips at every centromeric region, as previously described for the T2TX centromere. These sites are shown to coincide with regions enriched in centromere protein A (CENP-A) and may provide a signature of sites of kinetochore assembly genome-wide.

This talk is part of the Genetics Seminar series.

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