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Dynamical quantum phase transitions

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Katarzyna Macieszczak.

Nonequilibrium states of closed quantum many-body systems defy a thermodynamic description. As a consequence, constraints such as the principle of equal a priori probabilities in the microcanonical ensemble can be relaxed, which can lead to quantum states with novel properties of genuine nonequilibrium nature. However, for the theoretical description it is in general not sufficient to understand nonequilibrium dynamics on the basis of the properties of the involved Hamiltonians. Instead it becomes important to characterize time-evolution operators which adds time as an additional scale to the problem. In this talk I will summarize recent progress in the field of dynamical quantum phase transitions, which are phase transitions in time with temporal nonanalyticities in matrix elements of the time-evolution operator. These transitions are therefore not driven by an external control parameter, but rather occur due to sharp internal changes generated solely by unitary real-time dynamics. I will discuss obtained insights on general properties of dynamical quantum phase transitions, their physical interpretation, as well as recent experimental observations.

This talk is part of the Theory of Condensed Matter series.

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