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Influence of r-resonance information on speech intelligibility for native and non-native English speakers of different ages

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An r-segment in an English word can produce formant frequency changes for up to several hundred milliseconds before the r-segment itself. These changes are known as r-resonances. Experiments have shown that these long-domain resonances are perceptually salient for listeners in synthetic speech as well as single carrier phrases. Whether this effect also extends to unrestricted speech is unclear. I will presents a series of experiments that explored the conditions under which r-resonances affect intelligibility of sentences presented in background noise. Moreover, I will address the question whether different groups of listeners (young versus old and native versus non-native English speakers) can use r-resonances equally effectively to improve intelligibility.

This talk is part of the Cambridge University Linguistic Society (LingSoc) series.

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