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Non-equilibrium turbulence scalings and self-similarity in turbulent planar jets

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We study the self-similarity and dissipation scalings of a turbulent planar jet and the theoretically implied mean ow scalings. Unlike turbulent wakes where such studies have already been carried out (Dairay et al. 2015; Obligado et al. 2016), this is a boundary- free turbulent shear ow where the local Reynolds number increases with distance from inlet. The Townsend-George theory revised by Dairay et al. (2015) is applied to turbulent planar jets. Only a few proles need to be self-similar in this theory. The self- similarity of mean ow, turbulence dissipation, turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds stress proles is supported by our experimental results from 18 to at least 54 nozzle sizes, the furthermost location investigated in this work. Furthermore, the non-equilibrium dissipation scaling found in turbulent wakes, decaying grid-generated turbulence, various instances of periodic turbulence and turbulent boundary layers (Vassilicos 2015, Dairay et al. 2015, Goto & Vassilicos 2015, Nedic et al. 2017) is also observed in the present turbulent planar jet and in the turbulent planar jet of Antonia et al. (1980). Given these observations, the theory implies new mean ow and jet width scalings which are found to be consistent with our data and the data of Antonia et al. (1980). In particular, it implies a hitherto unknown entrainment behaviour: the ratio of characteristic cross-stream to centreline streamwise mean ow velocities decays as the -1/3 power of streamwise distance in the region where the non-equilibrium dissipation scaling holds.

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