University of Cambridge > > DAMTP Statistical Physics and Soft Matter Seminar > Topology protects chiral edge currents in stochastic systems

Topology protects chiral edge currents in stochastic systems

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  • UserEvelyn Tang, Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute of Dynamics and Self-Organization World_link
  • ClockTuesday 02 February 2021, 13:00-14:00
  • Housevia zoom, meeting ID 940-1803-7756.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Patrick Pietzonka.

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Constructing systems that exhibit time-scales much longer than those of the underlying components, as well as emergent dynamical and collective behavior, is a key goal in fields such as synthetic biology and materials self-assembly. Inspiration often comes from living systems, in which robust global behavior prevails despite the stochasticity of the underlying processes. Here, we present two-dimensional stochastic networks that consist of minimal motifs representing out-of-equilibrium cycles at the molecular scale and support chiral edge currents in configuration space. These currents arise in the topological phase due to the bulk-boundary correspondence and dominate the system dynamics in the steady-state, further proving robust to defects or blockages. We demonstrate the topological properties of these networks and their uniquely non-Hermitian features such as exceptional points and vorticity, while characterizing the edge state localization. As these emergent edge currents are associated to macroscopic timescales and length scales, simply tuning a small number of parameters enables varied dynamical phenomena including a global clock, dynamical growth and shrinkage, and synchronization. Our construction provides a novel topological formalism for stochastic systems and fresh insights into non-Hermitian physics, paving the way for the prediction of robust dynamical states in new classical and quantum platforms.

This talk is part of the DAMTP Statistical Physics and Soft Matter Seminar series.

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