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TORPEX is a toroidal device in which a vertical magnetic field superposed on a toroidal field creates helicoidal field lines with both ends terminating on the torus vessel. As in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion device, the plasma turbulence driven by magnetic curvature and plasma gradients causes plasma transport in the radial direction while at the same time it is progressively lost due to flows along the field lines. The configuration facilitates the experimental study of low frequency instabilities and related transport, as it allows more detailed experimental diagnostics and wider parameter scans than are usually possible in fusion devices. The relatively simple magnetic geometry of the TORPEX configuration also enables deep theoretical investigations, analytical development, and makes an accurate comparison between simulations and experiments possible. Recently, a three-dimensional global fluid code that solves the drift-reduced Braginskii equations in the whole TORPEX domain has been developed, taking into account the plasma source, plasma losses at the torus vessel, and the plasma turbulent dynamics. We show simulation results and their physical interpretation across a wide parameter space; in particular, we point out that three turbulent regimes exist, which are driven respectively by the ideal interchange mode, by the resistive interchange mode, and by drift waves. Comparison with experimental results is discussed, showing that the predicted turbulence regime transitions are in agreement with the experimental observations.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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