University of Cambridge > > Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy Seminar Series > Navigating the BCC-B2 Refractory Alloy space: Stability and thermal processing with Ru-B2 precipitates

Navigating the BCC-B2 Refractory Alloy space: Stability and thermal processing with Ru-B2 precipitates

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Refractory multi-principal element alloys (RMPEAs) could provide next-generation high temperature alloys, but their ductility and high temperature strength need significant improvement. Emulating superalloy γ-γ’ microstructures, RMPE As combining a ductile BCC matrix with embedded B2 precipitates for strengthening could meet this goal. Two-phase BCC -B2 RMPE As have recently been demonstrated, but the B2 phase typically exhibits insufficient thermodynamic stability for operating temperatures ≥1300°C. Using high-throughput CALPHAD predictions, we screen across 3500 potential BCC -B2 systems. Promising compositions are predicted for alloys combining Ru-based B2s with refractory BCC elements. A total of 20 such compositions were arc-melted to characterize their as-cast and heat-treated microstructures. In these alloys, the RuHf B2 exhibits exceptional stability beyond 1900°C but cannot be solutionized. By contrast, RuTi does solutionize and reprecipitate between 1300 and 1900°C, providing a robust thermal processing pathway. RuAl can be solutionized but also tends to form competing intermetallic phases. Altogether, Ru-B2 RMPE As offer great design flexibility and surpass the stability and thermal processability of previously studied BCC -B2 refractory alloys.

This talk is part of the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy Seminar Series series.

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