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The model-independent theory of (∞,1)-categories (3)

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HHHW01 - Higher structures in homotopy theory

Co-author: Dominic Verity (Macquarie University)

In these talks we use the nickname ”∞category” to refer to either a quasi-category, a complete Segal space, a Segal category, or 1-complicial set (aka a naturally marked quasi-category) – these terms referring to Quillen equivalent models of (∞,1)-categories, these being weak infinite-dimensional categories with all morphisms above dimension 1 weakly invertible. Each of these models has accompanying notions of ∞-functor, and ∞-natural transformation and these assemble into a strict 2-category like that of (strict 1)categories, functors, and natural transformations.

In the first talk, we'll use standard 2-categorical techniques to define adjunctions and equivalences between ∞categories and limits and colimits inside an ∞-category and prove that these notions relate in the expected ways: eg that right adjoints preserve limits. All of this is done in the aforementioned 2-category of ∞-categories, ∞-functors, and ∞-natural transformations. In the 2-category of quasi-categories our definitions recover the standard ones of Joyal/Lurie though they are given here in a “synthetic” rather than their usual “analytic” form.

In the second talk, we'll justify the framework introduced in the first talk by giving an explicit construction of these 2-categories. This makes use of an axiomatization of the properties common to the Joyal, Rezk, Bergner/Pellissier, and Verity/Lurie model structures as something we call an ∞-cosmos.

In the third talk, we'll encode the universal properties of adjunction and of limits and colimits as equivalences of comma ∞-categories. We also introduce co/cartesian fibrations in both one-sided and two-sided variants, the latter of which are used to define “modules” between ∞-categories, of which comma ∞-categories are the prototypical example.

In the fourth talk, we'll prove that theory being developed isn’t just “model-agnostic” (in the sense of applying equally to the four models mentioned above) but invariant under change-of-model functors. As we explain, it follows that even the “analytically-proven” theorems that exploit the combinatorics of one particular model remain valid in the other biequivalent models.

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