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Cosmography with cluster strong lensing

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Current efforts in observational cosmology are focused on characterizing the mass-energy content of the Universe. We present results from a geometric test based on strong lensing in galaxy clusters. Based on Hubble Space Telescope images and extensive ground-based spectroscopic follow-up of the massive galaxy cluster Abell 1689, we used a parametric model to simultaneously constrain the cluster mass distribution and dark energy (DE) equation of state. Combining our cosmological constraints with those from X-ray clusters and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5-year data, we find that dark matter comprises a fraction Omega_m = 0.25 ± 0.05 of critical density and that the DE parameter wx = -0.97 ± 0.07, both consistent with results from other methods. Inclusion of our method with all other techniques available brings down the current 2 – sigma contours on the dark energy equation of state parameter wx by about 30%

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