University of Cambridge > > Morphogenesis Seminar Series > Developmental Control of Avian Skin Patterning

Developmental Control of Avian Skin Patterning

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  • UserMarie Manceau
  • ClockMonday 06 December 2021, 14:30-15:30
  • HouseOnline.

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During pattern formation, morphogenetic events provide a response of the naïve tissue to chemical and mechanical positional cues. To what extent these processes shape pattern establishment and contribute to natural variation remains unclear. We studied cell dynamics occurring during the emergence of feather array geometries in birds, which involves a gradual regionalisation of the skin through self-organisation. We identified highly dynamic modifications of local cell density, movement, and shape occurring during primordia emergence in the Japanese quail. Using inter-species comparison in poultry, finch, emu, ostrich and penguin embryos, followed by perturbation of skin architecture ex vivo, we showed that oriented anisotropy of dermal cells prior to primordia formation is necessary for the regularity of the final array. Our results provide key insights into the cellular basis of self-organisation and demonstrate that initial tissue morphology constrains pattern attributes, uncovering a morphogenetic mechanism contributing to pattern evolution.

This talk is part of the Morphogenesis Seminar Series series.

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