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End-to-End Performance Isolation through Virtual Datacenters

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Eiko Yoneki.

The lack of performance isolation in multi-tenant datacenters at appliances like middleboxes and storage servers results in volatile application performance. To insulate tenants, we propose giving them the abstraction of a dedicated virtual datacenter (VDC). VDCs encapsulate end-to-end throughput guarantees—specified in a new metric based on virtual request cost—that hold across distributed appliances and the intervening network.

I will present Pulsar, a system that offers tenants their own VDCs. Pulsar comprises a logically centralized controller that uses new mechanisms to estimate tenants’ demands and appliance capacities, and allocates datacenter resources based on flexible policies. These allocations are enforced at end-host hypervisors through multi-resource token buckets that ensure tenants with changing workloads cannot affect others. Pulsar’s design does not require changes to applications, guest OSes, or appliances. I will describe prototype results to show that Pulsar can ensure end-to-end performance guarantees while imposing reasonable overheads at the data and control plane.

This talk is part of the Computer Laboratory Systems Research Group Seminar series.

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