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Urbanization and Land Use Policy in China

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From the perspective of urbanization, the purpose of this paper is to review the evolution process of China’s land use policy in the past 40 years systematically since the reform and opening up and to discuss China’s land use policy in the future. The historical method and literature research method were used. The result shows that China’s land use policy is mainly divided into three stages: the foundation of urbanization laid through the rural land system reform from 1978 to 1998, land urbanization driven by a large number of industrial park development and housing distribution monetization from 1998 to 2014, and population urbanization triggered by the new-type urbanization in 2014. Based on the path dependence of reform in the future and China’s population peak in 2030, this paper puts forward land use policies from the perspective of urban-rural integration, including the housing supply system and housing tax system, deepening of three rights division of rural residential land, perfection of the permanent basic farmland system, and compensable withdrawal mechanism of contracted land. In conclusion, China’s land use policy in a long run will be urban-rural integration under the principle of humanism and ecological civilization.

Prof. Yuzhe Wu received his Ph.D. degree at Zhejiang University in 2005. In 2004, he was awarded a doctoral fellowship from Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. He was a visiting scholar in University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill during the period between 2011 and 2012. Now he is the Head of the Department of Land Management at Zhejiang University. His research interests include urbanization, land use policy, sustainable development, and land use planning. He has published many academic papers in SSCI journals including Land Use Policy and Cities. He is also on the editorial board of Habitat International and Journal of Urban Management.

This talk is part of the Land Economy Departmental Seminar Series series.

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